Chinese Characters



①fall; drop.
②weigh down.
③weight; hanging object.

HSK - no



Elements  ----  person 人 + mound 阝 + earth 土. Phonetic series - .

Simplified from: 墜

In JGW it was a pictogram of a person 人 upside down (later changed for a pig 㒸 sui to indicate the sound) falling from a mountain 阝. Later this pictogram was lent to row, and the earth 土 radical was added to recover its original meaning: fall down. Now a person 人who falls down to earth 土 from a mountain 阝.  
From fall > drop > hanging object > as a weight > weight down

Main Words:

①fall; drop.

坠落  zhuìluò  fall; drop.
坠地  zhuìdì  be born; come to this world.

②weigh down.

③weight; hanging object.

坠子  zhuìzi plummet; pendant; earrings.

Discussion and sources

This explanation follows mostly Wang Xiangzhi work. Not all Oracle Bone dictionaries include the pictogram for dui, but at least Wang Dapeng et al and Ma Rusen do.

  • Ma Rusen (马如森). Dictionary of the Oracle Bone characters used in Yinxu (殷墟甲骨文实用字典). Shanghai University Press. Shanghai. 2008.
  • Wang Dapeng y Shao Li (王大鹏—邵莉). Dictionary of the most common Oracle Bone characters (甲骨文常用字集字字典). Shanghai University Press. Shanghai. 2012.
  • Wang Xiangzhi (王祥之). To explain with images the origin of Chinese characters (图解汉字起源). Peking University Press. Beijing. 2009

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